Conflict is an essential element, probably the most important one, in creating societies where exploitation is important. It is easy to see in the past: one group or nation conquered another and put those conquered in a subsidiary status, taking their land, taxing them and placing them in an inferior position through various means. These patterns frequently continue into the present, in (usually) weakened, but still present, form. Conflict can also arise when people who are oppressed fight for their freedom. Also see Conflict
Gender Development Index 2018United Nations Development Program “The GDI measures gender gaps in human development achievements by accounting for disparities between women and men in three basic dimensions of human development—health, knowledge and living standards using the same component indicators as in the HDI…. It is a direct measure of gender gap showing the female HDI as a percentage of the male HDI.”
Law is usually viewed as a method of settling conflicts, but it can also be used as a weapon. President Trump is doing this now as he faces an impeachment inquiry and many lawsuits. This book shows how Trump has employed this strategy throughout his career.