Tag Archives: Discrimination: race – gender – ethnic – religious – class

These various forms of discrimination are barriers to entry into the higher income levels of a productive + harmful society, which benefit from unproductive sources of income. They  include

–being of a different race, gender, nationality or religion

–racism, sexism, or other strong prejudice against a given group.

The way barriers to entry work is to limit access to worthwhile employment, as well as other social advantages such as education, the ability to marry outside of one’s class or group and the transmission of wealth.  It is a type of unproductive activity that obtains income.  Barriers to entry have also been discussed in sociology and heterodox economics using the terms social closure, opportunity hoarding,  categorical inequality, ascriptive inequality and stratification economics.  For further reading, see Edward G. Grabb, Theories of Social Inequality.

Human Development Report 2019 Credit: UNDP

Human Development Report: new inequalities must be addressed

United Nations Development Program December 9, 2019. The demonstrations sweeping across the world today signal that, despite unprecedented progress against poverty, hunger and disease, many societies are not working as they should.

The connecting thread, argues a new report from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), is inequality.“Different triggers are bringing people onto the streets — the cost of a train ticket, the price of petrol, demands for political freedoms, the pursuit of fairness and justice. This is the new face of inequality, and as this Human Development Report sets out, inequality isnot beyond solutions,” says UNDP Administrator, Achim Steiner.

The 2019 Human Development Report (HDR), entitled “Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today: inequalities in human development in the 21st Century,” says that just as the gap in basic living standards is narrowing for millions of people, the necessities to thrive have evolved.

A new generation of inequalities is opening up, around education, and around technology and climate change — two seismic shifts that, unchecked, could trigger a ‘new great divergence’ in society of the kind not seen since the Industrial Revolution, according to the report. In countries with very high human development, for example, subscriptions to fixed broadband are growing 15 times faster and the proportion of adults with tertiary education is growing more than six times faster than in countries with low human development.

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Women forming a portion of the Women's Wall.

Indian supreme court allows women to enter Hindu shrine generating controversy, violence

Women of childbearing age have been forbidden to enter a Hindu temple. This prohibition was overturned by the Indian Supreme Court, and just enforced by the state of Kerala, where the temple is located. Only two women have entered thus far, and the outcry against the policy has been large. On the other side, hundreds of thousands of women formed a “Women’s Wall” from one end of Kerala to the other in support of the policy.

Two women enter a temple. A country erupts. Supriya Nair New York Times January 8, 2019 The debate over whether women of childbearing age can visit a shrine in southern India has become a battle involving caste, gender, party politics and history.

Hundreds of thousands of women participate in 620 km “Women’s Wall,” organized by the Kerala government in support of gender equality and the government’s decision to permit entry to the Sabarimala shrine Huffpost India January 1, 2019

See differing viewpoints on Twitter #SabarimalaTemple
Photo: Women gathered to form a portion of the Women’s Wall that stretched from the northern tip of Kerala state to the southern. Credit CPI(M) KERALA

Discrimination 2019

United States

The Jim Crow South? No Long Island today The Editorial Board New York Times November 21, 2019
An investigation reveals widespread housing discrimination against blacks and other minorities in New York’s suburbs, more than 50 years after the Fair Housing Act.

Minutes before El Paso killing, hate-filled manifesto appears online Tim Arango, Nicholas Bogel-Burroughs and Katie Benner New York Times August 3, 2019

How a brutal race riot shaped modern Chicago Adam Green New York Times August 3, 2019 (Opinion)

Trump fans the flames of a racial fire Peter Baker New York Times July 14, 2019

The real meaning of send her back Editorial Board New York Times July 18, 2019
“The president is looking to divide Americans along color lines, to conjure a zero-sum vision of America in which whites must contend against nonwhites for jobs, wealth, safety and citizenship. He thinks this approach will win him another four years in the White House. At this point, does it much matter if he is acting purely out of political cynicism, with no element of personal prejudice? The rage he is nurturing and the pain he is causing are all too real. The damage he is doing will take years to undo. “

One in five Americans say it’s okay for businesses to refuse to serve Jews Aiden Pink The Forward June 26, 2019

Black people’s land was stolen Andrew W. Kahrl New York Times June 20, 2019
“Any discussion of reparations must include how this happened, who did it, and the laws, policies and practices that allowed it.”

Here’s what Ta-Nehisi Coates told Congress about reparations New York Times June 19, 2019
“The writer argued that African-Americans were exploited by nearly every American institution, before and after slavery ended.”

Policing black Americans is a long-standing, and ugly, American tradition Vanessa Holden and Edward E. Baptist Washington Post March 6, 2019

The latest front against civil rights. The law of “disparate impact” isn’t broken. There’s no need for Donald Trump to rewrite it. Editorial Board New York Times January 4, 2019

Other countries

We are witnessing a rediscovery of India’s Republic Rohit De and Surabhi Ranganathan New York Times December 27, 2019
Indians protesting against a discriminatory citizenship law are using the Constitution as a rallying cry.

Indian parliament passes divisive citizenship bill, moving It closer to law Jeffrey Gettleman and Sushasini Raj New York Times December 11, 2019 Updated December 16, 2019

‘It was a massacre’: 10 are killed in caste-driven land dispute in India Jeffrey Gettleman, Hari Kumar and Kai Schultz New York Times July 18, 2019

Casting their votes by voting their caste. In India, old class divisions still rule local politics. Ruchir Sharma New York Times February 2, 2019

Race, religious, ethnic divisions 2018

In Bosnia, entrenched ethnic divisions are a warning to the world Andrew Higgins New York Times November 19, 2018

‘Tell everyone we scalped you!’  How caste still rules in India Jeffrey Gettleman and Suhashani Raj New York Times November 17, 2018

Devah Pager, who documented race bias in job market, dies at 46 Katharine Q.  Seelye New York Times November 8, 2018

Five women who changed how we think about race Amisha Padnani  New York Times November 9, 2018

‘I can’t breathe’: In sewage worker deaths, a new India confronts an old scourge  Joanna Slater Washington Post September 15, 2018

In spite of rules against it, much sewage is still collected by hand, and the people doing it are Dalits, at the bottom of the still-present caste system.

Photo: Aspect of the cover of the Global Study on Homicide: Gender-related killing of women and girls.

Discrimination against women

Five feminist economists who change the way we see the world  Ashraya Maria  Feminism in India December 5, 2018

Most dangerous place for women is the home, U.N. report finds Karen Sraick New York Times November 27, 2018

America is blaming pregnant women for their own deaths Kim Brooks New York Times Nov. 16, 2018. (Opinion)

Miscarrying at work: The physical toll of pregnancy discrimination Jessica Silver-Greenberg and Natalie Kitroeff  New York Times October 21, 2018

Opinion: Protect indigenous, community, and women’s land rights for food security and nutrition Fany Kuiru and Paul De Wit Devex October 16, 2018.

Nobel peace prize awarded to Yazidi activist and Congolese doctor Rukmini Callimachi, Jeffrey Gettleman, Nicholas Kulish and Benjamin Mueller New York Times October 5, 2018

Photo: Aspect of the cover of the Global Study on Homicide: Gender-related killing of women and girls.  Credit UNODC