Measuring Harm 2022

Gender and income inequalities driving teenage motherhood in developing countries, new report confirms United Nations Population Fund July 5, 2022 See full report. Almost one third of women in developing countries had their first baby while they were still in their teens, with nearly half of those new mothers aged 17 and younger – still children themselves. 

Report: Hunger reached record high in 2021, may worsen in 2022 Rumbi Chakamba Devex May 5, 2022
The 2022 “Global Report on Food Crises,” compiled by the Global Network Against Food Crises — an international alliance that includes the European Union, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and the World Food Program — found that around 193 million people were acutely food-insecure and in need of urgent assistance across 53 countries and territories in 2021. That’s an increase of nearly 40 million people from 2020. Of most concern are the 570,000 people facing starvation and death levels of hunger in Ethiopia, South Sudan, Southern Madagascar, and Yemen. 

Violence Against Women Prevalence Estimates, 2018 World Health Organization March 9, 2021

Almost 2 million people die from work-related causes each year WHO/ILO September 17, 2021 Work-related diseases and injuries were responsible for the deaths of 1.9 million people in 2016, according to the WHO/ILO Joint Estimates of the Work-related Burden of Disease and Injury, 2000-2016: Global Monitoring Report. The majority of work-related deaths were due to respiratory and cardiovascular disease.

2022 World Inequality Report World Inequality Lab December 7, 2021
The richest 10% of the global population currently takes 52% of global income, whereas the poorest half of the population earns 8.5% of it. Global wealth inequalities are even more pronounced than income inequalities. The poorest half of the global population barely owns any wealth at all, possessing just 2% of the total. In contrast, the richest 10% of the global population own 76% of all wealth.

Refugee Data Finder UNHCR (Accessed April 5, 2022.)
As of mid-2021, over 84 million people were displaced worldwide. 48 million are internally displaced, 26.6 million are refugees and 4.4 million are asylum-seekers. More than two thirds of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate and Venezuelans displaced abroad come from just five countries: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar. 85 percent are hosted in developing countries; 73 percent are hosted in neighboring countries. 35 million refugees are children.

Keynes’, Piketty’s, and an extensive failure index: Introducing maldevelopment indices
Jorge Buzaglo and Leo Buzaglo Olofsgård Real-world Economics Review 2022 (Issue 99)
In recent decades GDP growth has been the argument to justify policies that aggravated unemployment and the inequality of wealth and incomes, and increased environmental harm. GDP growth, of course, is blind to the fact that there is mass unemployment, that real wages decline or stagnate; or to the fact that atmospheric pollution by greenhouse gases approaches catastrophic levels. GDP is also blind to many other flaws of unregulated capitalism, the economic society in which we live. Our study evaluated the extent of these flaws for a representative sample of countries. [The maldevelopment indices developed here have much in common with the ideas of harm and exploitation, especially the extensive failure index.]

Freedom in the World 2022: Authoritarian rule challenging democracy as dominant global model Freedom House February 22, 2022 Access full report.

Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) February 2022
Eighteen chapters including chapters on impacts in areas such as water, food, poverty and various ecosystems, and impacts on major geographical areas. Also fact sheets and summaries. All can be downloaded separately.

Corruption Perceptions Index 2021: Trouble at the Top Transparency International January 25, 2022
Every year, countries at the top of the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) earn bragging rights for lower bribery levels, better safeguards against embezzlement of public funds and greater accountability for government corruption. [However] as a measure of public sector corruption, the CPI does not capture issues related to financial secrecy and money laundering, or the role of the private sector in allowing the corrupt to safely hide and enjoy the proceeds of their crimes [in developed countries]. In an increasingly globalized world, these are the types of problems that often help to keep lower-performing countries at the bottom of the Index.

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