The rise in collateralized debt obligations since 2004.

Harm through the market 2019

United States

The sugar that saturates the American diet has a barbaric history as the ‘white gold’ that fueled slavery Khalil Gabran Muhammad New York Times August 14, 2019

The brutal psychological toll of erratic work schedules Daniel Schneider and Kristen Harknett Washington Post June 27, 2019
“Unpredictable hours and variable pay may cause even more distress than low wages.”

This article brings out the large supply of people who need a job enabling Uber and other gig-based enterprises to pay those who work for them low wages. (See “exploitation of labor by capital” in Understanding exploitation.) In addition, workers now are classified as “independent contractors” not employees, removing rights which workers have.
The ‘Gig Economy’ Is the new term for serfdom Chris Hedges Truthdig August 12, 2018

This article says that the time allotted for patient care during normal working hours is not sufficient, forcing health professions to work extra hours to meet the needs of their patients. (See “exploitation of labor by capital” in Understanding exploitation.)
The business of health care depends on exploiting doctors and nurses Danielle Ofri New York Times June 8, 2017

One important type of market harm is firms trying to sneak by extra charges for consumers of their product. Wells Fargo has done this on a large scale, and has been caught three times. In the most recent settlement, the bank paid to settle charges that it had charged (unnecessary) insurance on its auto loans and without informing those receiving loans.
Wells Fargo agrees to settle auto insurance suit for $386 million Emily Flitter New York Times June 7, 2017

An editorial in the New York Times sets out important ways in which worker’s rights have been reduced in the Trump administration. These include: easing the ability of firms to classify workers as temporary workers, thus eliminating the protections that full time workers have in law, restricting collective bargaining in various ways, limiting the ability of workers at franchised businesses to pursue claims against the franchiser, and failing to adequately enforce existing laws, such as OSHA.
Trump’s war on worker rights Editorial Board New York Times June 3, 2019 (opinion).

Robert Reich points out that about 25 percent of American workers are now temporary workers, eliminating protections that ordinary jobs have including “a minimum wage, unemployment insurance, workers’ compensation for injuries, employer-provided Social Security, overtime, family and medical leave, disability insurance, or the right to form unions and collectively bargain.” The jig is up on the gig economy Robert Reich Truthdig June 5, 2019 (opinion)

Individual consumers do not have the market power of Medicare (or large health insurance groups) and thus get charged much more. While a justification for this on the part of hospitals is that individual consumers may not pay, there is little reason why those who do pay should cover the charges (and very possibly much more) of those who don’t. This arises because of differential market power. Individual consumers of health care are limited in their bargaining power while larger consumers such as health insurance firms are able to strike better bargains. In addition, there are few providers of hospital services in a local market, increasing these providers market power. (See “monopoly and oligopoly” in Understanding exploitation.)
Many hospitals charge double or triple what Medicare would pay Reed Abelson New York Times May 9, 2019

California to ban controversial pesticide, citing effects on child brain development Reed Anderson and Juliet Eilpern Washington Post May 8, 2019

Why both major political parties have failed to curb dangerous pesticides Elena Conis Washington Post April 9, 2019

How regulators, Republicans and big banks fought for a big increase in lucrative but risky corporate loans Damian Paletta Washington Post April 9, 2019

Pork industry soon will have more power over meat inspections Kimberly Kindy Washington Post April 3, 2019
“Under the proposed new inspection system, the responsibility for identifying diseased and contaminated pork would be shared with plant employees, whose training would be at the discretion of plant owners. There would be no limits on slaughter-line speeds.”

The New York attorney general alleges that as investigations focused on Perdue Pharma, the family that owned the company began shifting hundreds of million of dollars from the business to themselves, using offshore entities.
New York sues Sackler family members and drug distributors Roni Caryn Rabin New York Times March 28, 2019

One company bought all the retail outlets for glasses, used that to force sales of all the eyewear companies and jacked up prices by as much as 1000% Corey Docterow BoingBoing March 12, 2019

Wall Street’s latest love affair with repackaged debt. Investors in collateralized loan obligations are ignoring the signs of danger. William D. Cohan New York Times March 18, 2019 (opinion)

Condemned to repeat the history of bank failures? The 2008 crisis showed what happens when financial regulation is weakened while the economy is strong. The Trump administration is doing it again. Editorial Board New York Times March 20, 2019 (opinion)

Image: The rise in collateralized debt obligations since 2004. Credit Bloomberg / InvestmentNews

Other countries

One major way in which companies benefit is by locating production in countries where people’s incomes have been most limited by exploitation. This article considers the shift in textile production to Ethiopia. “Entry level garment workers in Ethiopia typically receive a base salary worth only $26 a month–the lowest by far in the worldwide clothing supply chain.”
A new industry is creating jobs in Ethiopia. But at what cost? Paul Barrett Washington Post May 10, 2019

“The current state of the migrant labor market [is] riddled with blatant violations of all the norms of an ideal workplace.”
Are migrant workers humans or commodities? Thalif Deen Inter Press Service May 1, 2019

Hidden in plain sight — private cartels in Africa Thando Vilakazi Review of African Political Economy Blog March 26, 2019

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