Category Archives: Discrimination: race – gender – ethnic – religious – class

These various forms of discrimination are barriers to entry into the higher income levels of a productive + harmful society, which benefit from unproductive sources of income.  Discrimination is presented here, and also in Discrimination against women — gender inequality.

–being of a different race, gender, nationality or religion

–racism, sexism, or other strong prejudice against a given group.

The way barriers to entry work is to limit access to worthwhile employment, as well as other social advantages such as education, the ability to marry outside of one’s class or group and the transmission of wealth.  It is a type of unproductive activity that obtains income.  Barriers to entry have also been discussed in sociology and heterodox economics using the terms social closure, opportunity hoarding,  categorical inequality, ascriptive inequality and stratification economics.  For further reading, see Edward G. Grabb, Theories of Social Inequality.

Discrimination 2020

Ben Carson’s disturbing retreat on fair housing Editorial Board Washington Post January 9, 2020 (Opinion)

Mamie Kirkland, witness to an era of racial terror, dies at 111 Dan Barry New York Times January 9, 2020
She endured the horrors of the African-American experience — lynchings, riots, the Ku Klux Klan — and worked to ensure that they never slipped from collective memory.

Human Development Report 2019 Credit: UNDP

Human Development Report: new inequalities must be addressed

United Nations Development Program December 9, 2019. The demonstrations sweeping across the world today signal that, despite unprecedented progress against poverty, hunger and disease, many societies are not working as they should.

The connecting thread, argues a new report from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), is inequality.“Different triggers are bringing people onto the streets — the cost of a train ticket, the price of petrol, demands for political freedoms, the pursuit of fairness and justice. This is the new face of inequality, and as this Human Development Report sets out, inequality isnot beyond solutions,” says UNDP Administrator, Achim Steiner.

The 2019 Human Development Report (HDR), entitled “Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today: inequalities in human development in the 21st Century,” says that just as the gap in basic living standards is narrowing for millions of people, the necessities to thrive have evolved.

A new generation of inequalities is opening up, around education, and around technology and climate change — two seismic shifts that, unchecked, could trigger a ‘new great divergence’ in society of the kind not seen since the Industrial Revolution, according to the report. In countries with very high human development, for example, subscriptions to fixed broadband are growing 15 times faster and the proportion of adults with tertiary education is growing more than six times faster than in countries with low human development.

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Oppression and Exploitation News December 25, 2019 – January 1, 2020

Opposing oppression, injustice 2019

All the political revolts America ignored in 2019 Juan Cole Truthdig December 26, 2019

25 journalists killed in 2019 64 journalists missing in 2019 Committee to Protect Journalists December 2019

Special Report: Iran’s leader ordered crackdown on unrest – ‘Do whatever it takes to end it’ – about 1,500 killled Reuters December 23, 2019

A year of protests sparked change around the globe Alan Crawford Bloomberg News December 6, 2019

Harm through the market 2019

Prime power: How Amazon squeezes the businesses behind its store Karen Weise New York Times December 19, 2019
Twenty years ago, Amazon opened its storefront to anyone who wanted to sell something. Then it began demanding more out of them.

Prime leverage: How Amazon wields power in the technology world Daisuke Wakabayashi New York Times December 15, 2019
Software start-ups have a phrase for what Amazon is doing to them: ‘strip-mining’ them of their innovations.

Discrimination 2019

We are witnessing a rediscovery of India’s Republic Rohit De and Surabhi Ranganathan New York Times December 27, 2019
Indians protesting against a discriminatory citizenship law are using the Constitution as a rallying cry.

Indian parliament passes divisive citizenship bill, moving It closer to law Jeffrey Gettleman and Sushasini Raj New York Times December 11, 2019 Updated December 16, 2019

Obtaining income through the government 2019

How big companies won new tax breaks from the Trump administration Jesse Drucker and Jim Tankersley New York Times December 30, 2019
As the Treasury Department prepared to enact the 2017 Republican tax overhaul, corporate lobbyists swarmed — and won big.

Corporate tax avoidance in the first year of the Trump tax law Institute of Taxation and Economic Policy December 16, 2019
When drafting the tax law, lawmakers could have eliminated special breaks and loopholes in the corporate tax to offset the cost of reducing the statutory rate. Instead, the new law introduced many new breaks and loopholes, though it eliminated some old ones. The unsurprising result: Profitable American corporations in 2018 collectively paid an average effective federal income tax rate of 11.3 percent on their 2018 income, barely more than half the 21 percent statutory tax rate.

Oppression and Exploitation News December 12 – 18

Conflict

The Infinity War. We say we’re a peaceful nation. Why do our nation’s leaders always keep us at war? Samuel Moyn and Stephen Wertheim Washington Post December 12, 2019

What did the United States get for $2 trillion in Afghanistan? Sarah Almukhtar and Rod Nordland New York Times December 9, 2019

The secret history of the war in Afghanistan Craig Whitlock Washington Post December 9, 2019 A six-part series.
Part 1 At war with the truth–U.S. officials constantly said they were making progress in Afghanistan. They were not, confidential documents show, and they knew it.
Part 2 Stranded without a strategy. Bush and Obama had polar-opposite plans to win the war. Both were destined to fail.
Part 3 Built to fail. Despite vows the U.S. wouldn’t get mired in “nation-building,” it has wasted billions doing just that.
Part 4 Consumed by corruption The U.S. flooded the country with money — then turned a blind eye to the graft it fueled.
Part 5 Unguarded nation. Afghan security forces, despite years of training, were dogged by incompetence and corruption.
Part 6 Overwhelmed by opium. The U.S. war on drugs in Afghanistan has imploded at nearly every turn.

Obtaining income through the government 2019

How FedEx cut its tax bill to 0 Jim Tankersley, Peter Eavis, and Ben Casselman New York Times November 17, 2019
The company, like much of corporate America, has not made good on its promised investment surge from President Trump’s 2017 tax cuts.

Discrimination 2019

Indian parliament passes divisive citizenship bill, moving It closer to law Jeffrey Gettleman and Sushasini Raj New York Times December 11, 2019 Updated December 16, 2019

The Jim Crow South? No Long Island today The Editorial Board New York Times November 21, 2019
An investigation reveals widespread housing discrimination against blacks and other minorities in New York’s suburbs, more than 50 years after the Fair Housing Act.

Women forming a portion of the Women's Wall.

Indian supreme court allows women to enter Hindu shrine generating controversy, violence

Women of childbearing age have been forbidden to enter a Hindu temple. This prohibition was overturned by the Indian Supreme Court, and just enforced by the state of Kerala, where the temple is located. Only two women have entered thus far, and the outcry against the policy has been large. On the other side, hundreds of thousands of women formed a “Women’s Wall” from one end of Kerala to the other in support of the policy.

Two women enter a temple. A country erupts. Supriya Nair New York Times January 8, 2019 The debate over whether women of childbearing age can visit a shrine in southern India has become a battle involving caste, gender, party politics and history.

Hundreds of thousands of women participate in 620 km “Women’s Wall,” organized by the Kerala government in support of gender equality and the government’s decision to permit entry to the Sabarimala shrine Huffpost India January 1, 2019

See differing viewpoints on Twitter #SabarimalaTemple
Photo: Women gathered to form a portion of the Women’s Wall that stretched from the northern tip of Kerala state to the southern. Credit CPI(M) KERALA