Category Archives: Discrimination: race – gender – ethnic – religious – class

These various forms of discrimination are barriers to entry into the higher income levels of a productive + harmful society, which benefit from unproductive sources of income.

–being of a different race, gender, nationality or religion

–racism, sexism, or other strong prejudice against a given group.

The way barriers to entry work is to limit access to worthwhile employment, as well as other social advantages such as education, the ability to marry outside of one’s class or group and the transmission of wealth.  It is a type of unproductive activity that obtains income.  Barriers to entry have also been discussed in sociology and heterodox economics using the terms social closure, opportunity hoarding,  categorical inequality, ascriptive inequality and stratification economics.  For further reading, see Edward G. Grabb, Theories of Social Inequality.

Also see Discrimination against women — gender inequality.

George Floyd protests – Black Lives Matter

We reviewed police tactics seen in nearly 400 protest videos. Here’s what we found. Talia Buford, Lucas Waldron, Moiz Syed, and Al Shaw ProPublica July 16, 2020
We asked experts to watch videos showing officers using tear gas, pepper balls and explosives on protesters. Police actions often escalated confrontations.

N.Y.P.D. says it used restraint during protests. Here’s what the videos show. Allison McCann, Blacki Migliozzi, Andy Newman, Larry Buchanan and Aaron Byrd New York Times July 14, 2020

Think racial segregation is over? Here’s how the police still enforce it. Nikita Lalwani and Mitchell Johnston Washington Post July 1, 2020
We interviewed Monica Bell about her important new paper

Europe said U.S. influence had waned under Trump. Then Black Lives Matter protests rocked the continent. Michael Birnbaum Washington Post June 15, 2020

Milley apologizes for role in Trump photo op: ‘I Should Not Have Been There’ Helene Cooper New York Times June 11, 2020
President Trump’s walk across Lafayette Square, current and former military leaders say, has started a moment of reckoning in the military.

Protesters throng D.C., vowing to be heard after George Floyd’s death Samantha Schmidt, Jessica Contrera, Rebecca Tan, Hannah Natanson and John Woodrow Cox Washington Post June 7, 2020

Pentagon ordered National Guard helicopters’ aggressive response in D.C. Thomas Gibbons-Neff and Eric Schmitt New York Times June 6, 2020
The high-profile episode, after days of protests in Washington, was a turning point in the military’s response to unrest in the city.

The Floyd protests are the broadest in U.S. history — and are spreading to white, small-town America Lara Putnam, Erica Chenoweth and Jeremy Pressman Washington Post June 5, 2020

Discrimination 2020

Stop telling Black people we could close the wealth gap if we valued education more Michelle Singletary Washington Post September 25, 2020
Black parents feel it’s very important that their children earn a college degree, Michelle Singletary writes. But a degree doesn’t necessarily confer the same advantages it does for Whites.

Fighting India’s Bonded Labor during the COVID-19 pandemic – Part 1 Rina Mukherji Inter Press Service September 22, 2020

British elites know who isn’t quite their type Josh Glancy Foreign Policy January 11, 2020

The Republicans least committed to democratic principles are those most worried about White America Philip Bump Washington Post September 2, 2020

The South’s fight for White Supremacy Jon Meacham New York Times August 23, 2020

Louisiana Supreme Court won’t review life sentence for man who stole hedge clippers Laurel Wamsley NPR August 5, 2020

I hope this is not another lie about the Republican Party Stuart Stevens New York Times July 29, 2020 (Opinion)
I chose to believe what I wanted to believe: The party wasn’t just a white grievance party…. We were wrong…the Republican Party actively embraced, supported, defended and now enthusiastically identifies with a man who eagerly exploits the nation’s racial tensions.

Why do economists have trouble understanding racialized inequalities? Ingrid Harvold Kvangraven and Surbhi Kesar Institute for New Economic Thinking August 3, 2020
Mainstream economics ignores historical and structural factors by design.

Economics is a disgrace Claudia Sahm Macromom July 29, 2020

Black Lives Matter protests spark debate over racism in the Arab world Sarah Dadouch Washington Post July 8, 2020

Economics for Black lives Darrick Hamilton and Jesse A. Myerson Dissent June 29, 2020.
Discussion of the pandemic, the uprisings, and the future through the lens of stratification economics.

Black families pay significantly higher property taxes than white families, new analysis shows Andrew Van Dam Washington Post July 2, 2020
Unfair property assessments lead to widespread overtaxation of black Americans’ homes

Asian Americans report over 650 racist acts over last week, new data says Caitlin Yoshiko Kandil NBC News March 26, 2020
“The deliberate use of terms like ‘Chinese virus’ has definitely fanned the flames of racism toward Asian Americans in this country,” one nonprofit leader said.

How Delhi’s police turned against Muslims Jeffrey Gettleman, Sameer Yasir, Suhasini Raj and Hari Kumar New York Times March 12, 2020
More evidence has emerged that the Indian police took part in violence against Muslims or stood aside during fighting in the capital last month.

Ben Carson’s disturbing retreat on fair housing Editorial Board Washington Post January 9, 2020 (Opinion)

Mamie Kirkland, witness to an era of racial terror, dies at 111 Dan Barry New York Times January 9, 2020
She endured the horrors of the African-American experience — lynchings, riots, the Ku Klux Klan — and worked to ensure that they never slipped from collective memory.