Category Archives: Discrimination against women — gender inequality

Discriminatory laws against women persist in every corner of the globe and new discriminatory laws are enacted. In all legal traditions many laws continue to institutionalize second class status for women and girls with regard to nationality and citizenship, health, education, marital rights, employment rights, parental rights, inheritance and property rights.  It is a type of unproductive / harmful activity that obtains income. See the UN’s Gender Inequality Index for a measure of gender inequality in the countries of the world.  Also see Discrimination: race – gender – ethnic – religious – class on this website

Measuring exploitation and oppression 2019

Global Trends: Forced displacement in 2018 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees June 19, 2019

World military expenditure grows to $1.8 trillion in 2018 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute April 29, 2019

Gender Development Index 2018 United Nations Development Program “The GDI measures gender gaps in human development achievements by accounting for disparities between women and men in three basic dimensions of human development—health, knowledge and living standards using the same component indicators as in the HDI…. It is a direct measure of gender gap showing the female HDI as a percentage of the male HDI.”

Gender Inequality Index United Nations Development Program The  GII  is  designed  to  reveal  the  extent  to  which  the  realization  of  a  country’s  human  development  potential  is  curtailed  by  gender  inequality. The 2018 GII can be downloaded as an Excel file from this site. A fuller explanation of the GII is provided by UNDP Measuring Key Disparities in Human Development: The Gender Inequality Index, especially pp 8-14.

The Committee to Protect Journalists tracks Journalists killed, missing and imprisoned under CPI Data. There were 50 journalists killed during 2019, with 64 missing and 250 imprisoned at the end of 2019, according to their records. CPJ Alerts reported over 380 specific attacks on journalists and publications in 2019.

Old sewing machine of the type used in many Indian homes. Credit Suparna

Fashion industry exploitation of female home workers in India

Many firms in developed countries, countries which have significant worker protections, contract out parts or all of their production to contractors in developing countries, where labor protections are much less. Here is an example.
Made for next to nothing. Worn by you? Elizabeth Paton New York Times February 6, 2019

See full report Tainted Garments. The exploitation of women and girls in India’s home-based garment sector by Siddharth Kara (60 page PDF file)

Image: Old sewing machine of the type used in many Indian homes. Credit Suparna

Photo: Children from rural areas and disempowered homes are ideal targets for trafficking in India and elsewhere. Credit: Neeta Lal/IPS

Discrimination against women 2019

Women are fleeing death at home. The United States wants to keep them out. Azam Amhed New York Times August 18, 2019.
“To win asylum in the United States, applicants must show specific grounds for their persecution back home, like their race, religion, political affiliation or membership in a particular social group. Lawyers have sometimes pushed successfully for women to qualify as a social group because of the overwhelming violence they face, citing a 2014 case in which a Guatemalan woman fleeing domestic violence was found to be eligible to apply for asylum in the United States. But Mr. Sessions overruled that precedent, questioning whether women — in particular, women fleeing domestic violence — can be members of a social group. The decision challenged what had become common practice in asylum courts.”

Teenage brides trafficked to China reveal ordeal: ‘Ma, I’ve been sold’ Hannah Beech New York Times August 17, 2019

In Pakistan, a feminist hero Is under fire and on the run Jeffrey Gettleman New York Times July 23, 2019

Afghan women waiting to vote in 2009 elections.
Afghan women waiting to vote. Credit UN Photo/Eric Kanalstein.  www.unmultimedia.org/photo/ Photo ID 406878. 20/08/2009. Kabul, Afghanistan Also see Flickr.

‘Women here are very, very worried’ Susan Chira New York Times March 22, 2019
Afghan women used to be championed by almost everyone. Now they’re all but forgotten.

Many firms in developed countries, countries which have significant worker protections, contract out parts or all of their production to contractors in developing countries, where labor protections are much less. Here is an example.
Made for next to nothing. Worn by you? Elizabeth Paton New York Times February 6, 2019 br>See full report Tainted Garments. The exploitation of women and girls in India’s home-based garment sector by Siddharth Kara (60 page PDF file)

Sex trafficking is a horrible example of forced labor.
‘The Monsters are the men’: Inside a thriving sex trafficking trade in Florida Patricia Mazzei New York Times February 23, 2019
“The sweep led to criminal charges last week against several rich, prominent men, including Robert K. Kraft, the billionaire owner of the New England Patriots; John Havens, former president and chief operating officer of Citigroup; and John Childs, founder of the private equity firm J.W. Childs Associates. Beyond the lurid celebrity connection, however, lies the wretched story of women who the police believe were brought from China under false promises of new lives and legitimate spa jobs. Instead, they found themselves trapped in the austere back rooms of strip-mall brothels — trafficking victims trapped among South Florida’s rich and famous.
“I don’t believe they were told they were going to work in massage parlors seven days a week, having unprotected sex with up to 1,000 men a year,” said Sheriff William D. Snyder of Martin County, whose office opened the investigation. “

Asia’s expanding illicit market: brides Tharanga Yakupitiyage Inter Press Service January 25, 2019

She wanted to drive, so Saudi Arabia’s ruler imprisoned and tortured her Nicholas Kristof New York Times January 26, 2019 (opinion)

An 11-year-old pleaded for an abortion after she was raped. She was forced to give birth. Michael Brice-Saddler Washington Post February 28, 2019

Shedding light on forced child pregnancy and motherhood in Latin America Mariela Jara Inter Press Service January 14, 2019
Research and campaigns by women’s rights advocates are beginning to focus on the problem of Latin American girls under the age of 14 who are forced to bear the children of their rapists, with the lifelong implications that entails and without the protection of public policies guaranteeing their human rights.

Recorded increase in human trafficking, women and girls targeted Tharanga Yakupitiyage Inter Press Service January 9, 2019

Photo: Children from rural areas and disempowered homes are ideal targets for trafficking in India and elsewhere. Credit: Neeta Lal/IPS See accompanying story.

Women forming a portion of the Women's Wall.

Indian supreme court allows women to enter Hindu shrine generating controversy, violence

Women of childbearing age have been forbidden to enter a Hindu temple. This prohibition was overturned by the Indian Supreme Court, and just enforced by the state of Kerala, where the temple is located. Only two women have entered thus far, and the outcry against the policy has been large. On the other side, hundreds of thousands of women formed a “Women’s Wall” from one end of Kerala to the other in support of the policy.

Two women enter a temple. A country erupts. Supriya Nair New York Times January 8, 2019 The debate over whether women of childbearing age can visit a shrine in southern India has become a battle involving caste, gender, party politics and history.

Hundreds of thousands of women participate in 620 km “Women’s Wall,” organized by the Kerala government in support of gender equality and the government’s decision to permit entry to the Sabarimala shrine Huffpost India January 1, 2019

See differing viewpoints on Twitter #SabarimalaTemple
Photo: Women gathered to form a portion of the Women’s Wall that stretched from the northern tip of Kerala state to the southern. Credit CPI(M) KERALA