Category Archives: Discrimination against women — gender inequality

Discrimination against women occurs throughout the world in politics and law, the economy, and in social customs and attitudes. In politics and law,  women have only 25 percent of parliamentary seats worldwide and laws in many countries continue to institutionalize second class status for women and girls with regard to nationality and citizenship, health, education, marital rights, employment rights, parental rights, inheritance and property rights.  In the economy, there is a gender pay gap in almost all countries and top jobs are typically held by men.  Social customs still harm women,  as manifest in the prevalence of violence against women, with 18 percent of women with partners reporting sexual and/or physical violence in the most recent 12 months (UN Women).  See the UN’s Gender Inequality Index for a measure of gender inequality in the countries of the world.  Also see Discrimination: race – gender – ethnic – religious – class on this website.

Oppression and Exploitation News November 5 – 11

Discrimination against women 2020

The rape of India’s Dalit women: It’s all about gender & class subordination Stella Paul Inter Press Service November 2, 2020

Harm through the government 2020

A regulatory rush by federal agencies to secure Trump’s legacy Eric Lipton New York Times November 3, 2020
With the president’s re-election in doubt, cabinet departments are scrambling to finish dozens of new rules affecting millions of Americans.

Trump’s historic assault on the civil service was four years in the making Lisa Rein, Josh Dawsey and Toluse Olorunnipa Washington Post October 23, 2020

Struggle for control – Staying in power 2020

Peru President is impeached by Congress Anatol Kurmanaev and Mitra Taj New York Times November 9, 2020

Two West African presidents are out of terms. They’re running again, anyway. Danielle Paquette Washington Post October 16, 2020

Discrimination against women 2020

The rape of India’s Dalit women: It’s all about gender & class subordination Stella Paul Inter Press Service November 2, 2020

How women & girls are forced to trade sex for water Sareen Malik and Benazir Omotto Inter Press Service August 21, 2020

Rashmi Hamal is a local heroine who helped to save her friend from an early marriage. She campaigns actively against child marriages in the Far Western Region of Nepal. Credit: Naresh Newar/IPS

UN Report: World remains a ‘violent, highly discriminatory place’ for girls InterPress Service March 4, 2020
Twenty-five years after the historic Beijing women’s conference in China – a milestone in advancing equal rights – violence against women and girls is not only common, but widely accepted, a new UN report revealed. (Access full report.)

Protesting femicide in Mexico Brent McDonald and Miguel Tovar New York Times March 10, 2020
Mexico: Thousands stay in to protest violence against women Peter Orsi AP/Washington Post March 9, 2020

Women’s unpaid labor is worth $10,900,000,000,000 Gus Wezerek and Kristen R. Ghodsee New York Times March 5, 2020
Imagine you had a bucket big enough to hold all the money made in 2018 by the 50 biggest companies in the world. The $10.9 trillion that women didn’t earn would more than fill it.

Measuring exploitation and oppression 2019

Global Trends: Forced displacement in 2018 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees June 19, 2019

World military expenditure grows to $1.8 trillion in 2018 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute April 29, 2019

Gender Development Index 2018 United Nations Development Program “The GDI measures gender gaps in human development achievements by accounting for disparities between women and men in three basic dimensions of human development—health, knowledge and living standards using the same component indicators as in the HDI…. It is a direct measure of gender gap showing the female HDI as a percentage of the male HDI.”

Gender Inequality Index United Nations Development Program The  GII  is  designed  to  reveal  the  extent  to  which  the  realization  of  a  country’s  human  development  potential  is  curtailed  by  gender  inequality. The 2018 GII can be downloaded as an Excel file from this site. A fuller explanation of the GII is provided by UNDP Measuring Key Disparities in Human Development: The Gender Inequality Index, especially pp 8-14.

The Committee to Protect Journalists tracks Journalists killed, missing and imprisoned under CPI Data. There were 50 journalists killed during 2019, with 64 missing and 250 imprisoned at the end of 2019, according to their records. CPJ Alerts reported over 380 specific attacks on journalists and publications in 2019.

Old sewing machine of the type used in many Indian homes. Credit Suparna

Fashion industry exploitation of female home workers in India

Many firms in developed countries, countries which have significant worker protections, contract out parts or all of their production to contractors in developing countries, where labor protections are much less. Here is an example.
Made for next to nothing. Worn by you? Elizabeth Paton New York Times February 6, 2019

See full report Tainted Garments. The exploitation of women and girls in India’s home-based garment sector by Siddharth Kara (60 page PDF file)

Image: Old sewing machine of the type used in many Indian homes. Credit Suparna