Category Archives: Discrimination against women — gender inequality
Discrimination against women occurs throughout the world in politics and law, the economy, and in social customs and attitudes. In politics and law, women have only 25 percent of parliamentary seats worldwide and laws in many countries continue to institutionalize second class status for women and girls with regard to nationality and citizenship, health, education, marital rights, employment rights, parental rights, inheritance and property rights. In the economy, there is a gender pay gap in almost all countries and top jobs are typically held by men. Social customs still harm women, as manifest in the prevalence of violence against women, with 18 percent of women with partners reporting sexual and/or physical violence in the most recent 12 months (UN Women). See the UN’s Gender Inequality Index for a measure of gender inequality in the countries of the world. Also see Discrimination: race – gender – ethnic – religious – class on this website.
The chilling: Global trends in violence against women journalistsUNESCO November 1, 2021 5 There is nothing virtual about online violence. It has become the new frontline in journalism safety – and women journalists sit at the epicentre of risk. Networked misogyny and gaslighting intersect with racism, religious bigotry, homophobia and other forms of discrimination to threaten women journalists – severely and disproportionately. Threats of sexual violence and murder are frequent and sometimes extended to their families. This phenomenon is also bound up with the rise of viral disinformation, digital conspiracy networks and political polarisation. The psychological, physical, professional, and digital safety and security impacts associated with this escalating freedom of expression and gender equality crisis are overlapping, converging and frequently inseparable. They are also increasingly spilling offline, sometimes with devastating consequences.Here, we present an edited extract from a major interdisciplinary study produced by the International Center for Journalists (ICFJ) under commission from UNESCO.
Women’s unpaid labor is worth $10,900,000,000,000Gus Wezerek and Kristen R. GhodseeNew York Times March 5, 2020 Imagine you had a bucket big enough to hold all the money made in 2018 by the 50 biggest companies in the world. The $10.9 trillion that women didn’t earn would more than fill it.
Gender Development Index 2018United Nations Development Program “The GDI measures gender gaps in human development achievements by accounting for disparities between women and men in three basic dimensions of human development—health, knowledge and living standards using the same component indicators as in the HDI…. It is a direct measure of gender gap showing the female HDI as a percentage of the male HDI.”
The Committee to Protect Journalists tracks Journalists killed, missing and imprisoned under CPI Data. There were 50 journalists killed during 2019, with 64 missing and 250 imprisoned at the end of 2019, according to their records. CPJ Alerts reported over 380 specific attacks on journalists and publications in 2019.