Monthly Archives: December 2018

Photo: Activist Rigoberto Lima Choc at a press conference, three months before he was murdered. Credit Global Witness

Land and environmental defenders murdered in 2017

Global Witness July 24, 2018

Photo:  Activist Rigoberto Lima Choc at a press conference, three months before he was murdered.  On 18th September 2015,  Lima was shot dead in broad daylight opposite the courthouse in Sayaxché, Guatemala. On the same day, three other activists  – Hermelindo Asij, Lorenzo Pérez and Manuel Mendoza – were kidnapped after allegedly  receiving threats that they would be burned alive. Lima Choc and his colleagues were the first to document the catastrophic environmental destruction caused by palm oil company REPSA in the Río de la Pasión. Credit: Global Witness


Santiago Maldonado, Argentina
Rafael Nahuel, Argentina
Ceará, Brazil
Roberto Santos Araújo, Brazil
Elivelton Castelo Nascimento, Brazil
José Caneta Gavião, Brazil
Sônia Vicente Cacau Gavião, Brazil
Orestes Rodrigues de Castro, Brazil
Renato Souza Benevides, Brazil
Xukuru‐Kariri Damião Lima da Silva (Dão), Brazil
Waldomiro Costa Pereira, Brazil
Raimundo Silva (Umbico), Brazil
Aldo Aparecido Carlini, Brazil
Edson Alves Antunes, Brazil
Ezequias Santos de Oliveira, Brazil
Fábio Rodrigues dos Santos, Brazil
Francisco Chaves da Silva, Brazil
Izaul Brito dos Santos, Brazil
Samuel Antônio da Cunha, Brazil
Sebastião Ferreira de Souza, Brazil
Valmir Rangeu do Nascimento, Brazil
Silvino Nunes Gouveia, Brazil
Kátia Martins, Brazil
Etevaldo Soares Costa, Brazil
Paulo Sérgio Bento Oliveira, Brazil
Weldson Pereira da Silva, Brazil
Nelson Souza Milhomem, Brazil
Weclebson Pereira Milhomem, Brazil
Ozeir Rodrigues da Silva, Brazil
Jane Julia de Oliveira, Brazil
Regivaldo Pereira da Silva, Brazil
Ronaldo Pereira de Souza, Brazil
Bruno Henrique Pereira Gomes, Brazil
Antonio Pereira Milhomem, Brazil
Hércules Santos de Oliveira, Brazil
Valdenir Juventino Izidoro (Lobo), Brazil
Manoel Quintino da Silva Kaxarari, Brazil
Ademir de Souza Pereira, Brazil
Rosenilton de Almeida, Brazil
Raimundo Mota de Souza Junior, Brazil
Lindomar Fernandes Martins, Brazil
Manoel Índio Arruda, Brazil
Maria da Lurdes Fernandes Silva, Brazil
Adeilton Brito de Souza, Brazil
Amauri Pereira Silva, Brazil
Cosme Rosário da Conceição, Brazil
Gildásio Bispo das Neves, Brazil
Marcos Pereira Silva, Brazil
Valdir Pereira Silva, Brazil
Edilson Pereira dos Santos, Brazil
Jorge Matias da Silva, Brazil
Eraldo Moreira Luz, Brazil
Flávio Gabriel Pacífico dos Santos, Brazil
João Ferreira dos Santos, Brazil
Hugo Rabelo Leite, Brazil
Flávio Lima de Souza, Brazil
Marinalva Silva de Souza, Brazil
Jairo Feitosa Pereira, Brazil
Fernando Pereira, Brazil


Aldemar Parra García, Colombia
José Yeimer Cartagena, Colombia
Edmiro León Alzate Londoño, Colombia
Yoryanis Isabel Bernal Varela, Colombia
Edilberto Cantillo Meza, Colombia
Falver Cerón Gómez, Colombia
Eder Cuetia Conda, Colombia
Ruth Alicia Lopez Guisao, Colombia
Javier Oteca Pilcué, Colombia
Gerson Acosta Salazar, Colombia
Nelson Fabra Díaz, Colombia
Jorge Arbey Chantré Achipiz, Colombia
Daniel Felipe Castro Basto, Colombia
Mario Andrés Calle Correa, Colombia
Ezequiel Rangel Romano, Colombia
Luis Edilson Arango Gallego, Colombia
Manuel Ramírez Mosquera, Colombia
Esquivel Manyoma, Colombia
Efigenia Vasquez Astudillo, Colombia
Oscar Ferney Tenorio, Colombia
Aulio Isarama Forastero, Colombia
Mario Jacanamijoy, Colombia
Mario Castaño Bravo, Colombia
Hernán Bedoya, Colombia
Joël Meriko Ari, DRC
Gerome Bolimola Afokao, DRC
Tims Nalola Butinda, DRC
Léopold Gukiya Ngbekusa, DRC
Patrick Kisembo N’singa, DRC
Sudi Koko, DRC
Antopo Selemani, DRC
Lokana Tingiti, DRC
Dudunyabo Machongani Célestin, DRC
Charles Paluku Syaira, DRC
Jonas Paluku Malyani, DRC
Pacifique Musubao Fikirini, DRC
Christian Mbone Nakulire, DRC
Luís Manuel Medina, Dominican Republic
Leo Martínez, Dominican Republic
Laura Leonor Vásquez Pineda, Guatemala
Sebastián Alonso, Guatemala
Carlos Maaz Coc, Guatemala
José de los Santos Sevilla, Honduras
José Alfredo Rodríguez, Honduras
Silvino Zapata, Honduras
Leodan Mancías, Honduras
Héctor Noé Cárcamo Castellanos, Honduras
Alamgeer Sheikh, India
Mafizul Khan, India
Daulat Ram Lader, India
Dharmendra Vala, India
Jailal Rathia, India
Pehelwan Singh, India
Lalita, India
Uday Yadav, India
Niranjan Yadav, India
Vimlesh Yadav, India
Sharath Madivala, India
Duba Issa, Kenya
Roba Duba, Kenya
Friday Pyne, Liberia
Marciano Martínez Cruz, Mexico
Rafael Hernández Cisneros, Mexico
Isidro Baldenegro López, Mexico
Juan Ontiveros Ramos, Mexico
Benjamín Juárez José, Mexico
José Carlos Jiménez Crisóstomo, Mexico
Luis Gustavo Hernández Cohenete, Mexico
Francisco Jiménez Alejandre, Mexico
Santiago Luna Crisanto, Mexico
Miguel Ángel Vázquez Torres, Mexico
Agustín Vázquez Torres, Mexico
Rodrigo Guadalupe Huet Gómez, Mexico
Pablo Andrés Jiménez, Mexico
Gabriel Ramos Olivera, Mexico
Felipe Ramírez, Mexico
Hussen Antônio Laitone, Mozambique
Lung Jarm Phe, Myanmar
Htay Aung, Myanmar
Camilo Frank López, Nicaragua
Celedonia Zalazar Point, Nicaragua
Tito José González Bendles, Nicaragua
Felipe Pérez Gamboa, Nicaragua
Inspector Manzoor, Pakistan
Constable Mushtaq, Pakistan
Elías Gamonal Mozombite, Peru
Jorge Calderón Campos, Peru
Orlando Burillo Mendoza, Peru
Feliciano Córdova Abad, Peru
Alcides Córdova López, Peru
José Edil Córdova López, Peru
Jhony Cáceres González, Peru
José Napoleón Tarrillo Astonitas, Peru
Datu Venie Diamante, Philippines
Mario Contaoi, Philippines
Veronico “Nico” Delamante, Philippines
Alexander Ceballos, Philippines
Wencislao Pacquiao, Philippines
Renato Anglao, Philippines
Alejandro Laya‐Og, Philippines
Orlando Eslana, Philippines
Mia Manuelita Mascariñas‐Green, Philippines
Edweno ‘Edwin’ Catog, Philippines
Willerme Agorde, Philippines
Gilbert Bancat, Philippines
Ramon Dagaas Pesadilla, Philippines
Leonila Tapdasan Pesadilla, Philippines
Pedro Pandagay, Philippines
Cora Molave Lina, Philippines
Arman Almonicar, Philippines
Arlyn Almonicar, Philippines
Danilo Ruiz Nadal, Philippines
Bernardo Calan Ripdos, Philippines
Jerry Cuyos, Philippines
Jocel Rosales, Philippines
Rodolf Tagalog Jr., Philippines
Federico “Pande” Plaza, Philippines
Lito Casalla, Philippines
Ande Latuan, Philippines
Carolina Arado, Philippines
Boy Cañete, Philippines
Roger “Titing” Timboco, Philippines
Lomer Gerodias, Philippines
Engracio de los Reyes, Philippines
Obillo Bay‐ao, Philippines
Ruben Arzaga, Philippines
Webby Argabio, Philippines
Perfecto Hoyle, Philippines
Elisa Badayos, Philippines
Eleuterio Moises, Philippines
Lando Moreno, Philippines
Rodrigo Timoteo, Philippines
Datu Victor Danyan, Philippines
Victor Danyan Jr., Philippines
Artemio Danyan, Philippines
Pato Celardo, Philippines
Samuel Angkoy, Philippines
To Diamante, Philippines
Bobot Lagase, Philippines
Mateng Bantel, Philippines
Marcelito “Tito” Paez, Philippines
Xavier Ribes Villas, Spain
David Iglesias Díez, Spain
Wayne Lotter, Tanzania
Aysin Ulvi Büyüknohutçu, Turkey
Ali Ulvi Büyüknohutçu, Turkey
Freddy Menare, Venezuela
Rodrick Ngulube, Zambia

Source: At what cost: Irresponsible business and the murder of land and environmental defenders in 2017  Global Witness pp. 4-5

Photo: Santiago street mural. 'Tenemos prohibido olvidar' / 'We are forbidden to forget.' The figures shown lost their lives during the brutal sixteen year military dictatorship of August Pinochet. Credit Tim Adams

In memoriam 2018: Those who opposed oppression, injustice

Photo: Santiago street mural.  ‘Tenemos prohibido olvidar’ / ‘We are forbidden to forget.’ The figures shown lost their lives during the brutal sixteen year military dictatorship of August Pinochet. Credit Tim Adams (November 16, 2014)

Land and environmental defenders murdered in 2017 Global Witness July 24, 2018  See complete report.  2018 report not yet available.

Violations of press freedom barometer Reporters Without Borders  As of December 16, 2018,  81 journalists had been killed in 2018. The webpage offers a continuing update. The names of the journalists killed appear in the country list.

139 aid workers were killed in 2017 Aid Worker Security Report Humanitarian Outcomes 2018 Report for 2018 not yet available.

December

Vahid Sayadi Nasiri: Jailed Iran activist dies on hunger strike BBC News December 13, 2018

Two activists involved in land dispute killed in Brazil Reuters New York Times December 9, 2018

Rosanell Eaton, fierce voting rights advocate, dies at 97 Robert D. McFadden New York Times December 9, 2018

Belisario Betancur, Colombian president who led unsuccessful peace effort, dies at 95 Harrison Smith Washington Post December 10, 2018

Continue reading

Struggle for control 2018

Sudan: Calls grow for Omar al-Bashir to step down. Twenty-two opposition parties and groups back protesters’ call for president to resign, demand transitional government. Al Jazeera January 1, 2018

He’s handing over the presidency but not necessarily his power Kimiko de Freytas-Tamura New York Times December 14, 2018

New violence eclipses Mali’s plans for peace. The central Mopti Region faces “a bottom-up jihadist revolution.” Philip Kleinfeld IRIN News November 26, 2018

Hit men and power: South Africa’s leaders are killing one other Norimitsu Onishi and Selam Gebrekidan New York Times September 30, 2018

Into the Hands of the Soldiers: Freedom and Chaos in Egypt and the Middle East by David. D. Kirkpatrick Reviewed by Steve Negus New York Times  August 7, 2018

Mugabe is gone. But his tactics persist in Zimbabwe’s first election without him. Max Bearak Washington Post July 29, 2018

Cambodia’s Dirty Dozen: A long history of rights abuses by Hun Sen’s generals Human Rights Watch June 27, 2018

Race, religious, ethnic divisions 2018

In Bosnia, entrenched ethnic divisions are a warning to the world Andrew Higgins New York Times November 19, 2018

‘Tell everyone we scalped you!’  How caste still rules in India Jeffrey Gettleman and Suhashani Raj New York Times November 17, 2018

Devah Pager, who documented race bias in job market, dies at 46 Katharine Q.  Seelye New York Times November 8, 2018

Five women who changed how we think about race Amisha Padnani  New York Times November 9, 2018

‘I can’t breathe’: In sewage worker deaths, a new India confronts an old scourge  Joanna Slater Washington Post September 15, 2018

In spite of rules against it, much sewage is still collected by hand, and the people doing it are Dalits, at the bottom of the still-present caste system.


Image: Cover of How to Rig an Election by Nic Cheeseman and Brian Klass Credit Yale University Press

How to Rig an Election by Nic Cheeseman and Brian Klaas

Nic Cheeseman and Brian Klaas expose the limitations of national elections as a means of promoting democratization, and reveal the six essential strategies that dictators use to undermine the electoral process in order to guarantee victory for themselves.

Election rigging by dictators is too easy, and the West often looks the other way   Carla Anne Robbins  Washington Post July 5, 2018

Image: Cover of How to Rig an Election by Nic Cheeseman and Brian Klass Credit Yale University Press